January 9, 2011

The Impacts of Biofuel Targets on Land-Use Change and Food Supply: a Global CGE Assessment

by Govinda R. Timilsina, John C. Beghin, Dominique van der Mensbrugghe and Simon Mevel

- This study analyzes the long-term impacts of large-scale expansion of biofuels on land-use change, food supply and prices, and the overall economy in various countries or regions using a global computable general equilibrium model, augmented by a land-use module and detailed representation of biofuel sectors. The study finds that an expansion of global biofuel production to meet currently articulated or even higher national targets in various countries for biofuel use would reduce gross domestic product at the global level; however, the gross domestic product impacts are mixed across countries or regions.

Timilsina, G.R., J.C. Beghin, D. van der Mensbrugghe and S. Mevel (2010). "The Impacts of Biofuel Targets on Land-Use Change and Food Supply: a Global CGE Assessment." World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. WPS 5513, Dec 2010.