January 16, 2011

Environmental Concern and the Choice of Transport Infrastructure Projects in Sweden

by Johanna Jussila Hammes

- One of the goals of transport policy in Sweden is to minimize the impact from transport on the environment. Using a database consisting of over 800 rail, road and maritime transport infrastructure projects, we estimate whether environmental factors, such as negative environmental effects arising from the project (noise and barrier effects), or emissions of five pollutants (NOx, VOC, CO2, SO2 and PM) affect the choice of which projects will be built. For a broader model including all three transport modes, we find that projects that cause negative environmental effects in fact have a greater probability of being included in the National or a Regional Transport Infrastructure Plan for 2010-2021.

Hammes, J.J. (2010). "Environmental Concern and the Choice of Transport Infrastructure Projects in Sweden." Working Papers, Swedish National Road & Transport Research Institute (VTI) No 2010:17, Dec 2010.