January 23, 2011

Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS): a Review

by Claire Gough and Paul Upham

- This is a review paper intended to provide an overview of debates relating to BECCS or bio-CCS, which are alternative terms for the coupling of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (CCS). In theory, BECCS has the potential to help draw the atmospheric CO2 concentration below present levels, or at least to contribute to its reduction. Yet while BECCS enthusiasts have drawn support from scenarios of large scale global bioenergy supply and the co-option of this into BECCS systems, the assumptions of accessible CCS capture, pipeline and storage infrastructure and that large scale bioenergy supply can be reconciled with competing uses of land (and water) are both uncertain.

Gough, C. and P. Upham (2010). "Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS): a Review." Tyndall Working Paper 147, Dec 2010.