December 5, 2010

Accounting for CO2 Emissions from International Shipping: Burden Sharing under Different UNFCCC Allocation Options and Regime Scenarios

by Nadine Heitmann and Setareh Khalilian

- In this paper we investigate the various options suggested by the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) of the UNFCCC for allocating CO2 emissions from international shipping to individual countries. We discuss economic and regulatory issues related to these options and the consequences of applying them. We evaluate the various options on the basis of environmental effectiveness, possibility of legal implementation, and fairness of burden sharing. We conclude that an allocation of international shipping emissions should be conducted on the basis of the operating company.

Heitmann, N. and S. Khalilian (2010). "Accounting for CO2 Emissions from International Shipping: Burden Sharing under Different UNFCCC Allocation Options and Regime Scenarios." Kiel Working Paper No. 1655, Oct 2010.